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In early 2022, the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) started tracking multiple cases of MPX (pronounced "em-pox" or "monkeypox") that have been reported in several countries that don't normally report MPX, including the United States. Some counties in North Carolina have reported cases, including Mecklenburg County. Get the most current information about the global outbreak from the CDC Website, and get information about the outbreak in North Carolina from the NC Department of Health and Human Services
Risk to the general public is low. The MPX virus is spread through close, often skin-to-skin, contact with an infected person. Being aware of
symptoms in others and practicing
good hygiene and
safer sex are the best ways to avoid infection.
Most people will recover from MPX on their own, although it can cause severe illness and death. There is no approved treatment for MPX, but antiviral medications are being given in severe cases.
The JYNNEOS vaccine is available for high-risk individuals who do not currently have MPX; read more about the vaccine below.
The following are common symptoms:
The illness typically lasts for 2 to 4 weeks, during which the skin lesions will change in shape and size before scabbing over and falling off. The person is considered contagious until all the lesions have healed and new skin is intact.
See more images of MPX rash on the
Avoid going to the emergency department for testing. Your primary care provider can test you for MPX. You may also get tested for a fee at the following clinics in our area:
If you have questions, please contact our hotline at 980-314-9400, option 4, Monday - Friday, 8:00am - 5:00pm.
CDC: MPX and Safer Sex |La viruela símica o del mono y las relaciones sexuales más seguras
CDC: MPX toolkit for schools, early care, and education programs and MPX toolkit for institutions of higher education
WHO: Recovering from MPX at home infographic
NC DHHS:MPX: Quick Facts |Virus de la viruela símica: Datos breves
NC DHHS:MPX: What You Need to Know |Virus de la viruela símica: Lo que necesitas saber
MCPH:MPX in the United States: What You Need to Know |La MPX en los Estados Unidos: qué debería saber
MCPH:MPX Provider Checklist
MPX (also called "monkeypox" because it was first discovered in monkeys in 1958), is a rare disease caused by an orthopox virus usually found in West and Central Africa. In the United Sates, it is most often found in small mammals like rats, mice, squirrels, rabbits, and prairie dogs. The first outbreak of MPX in the United States was reported in 2003 among people who got sick after coming into contact with infected pet prairie dogs. Historically, most cases of MPX occurred after a person was exposed to an infected wild animal or animal product. Recent cases, however, have resulted from person-to-person contact.