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Thomas “Kanawha” Spratt was among the earliest settlers in this part of the Carolinas. His father, also named Thomas Spratt, purchased land on Twelve Mile Creek near present-day Fort Mill, SC in 1750 and later added two plantations. At that time, all of these plantations were in the part of Anson County which later became Mecklenburg County. Spratt started farming his father’s land on 12 Mile Creek around 1752 and inherited the plantation upon his father’s death in 1757. The land was originally purchased from North Carolina, but was later part of the 225 square miles of land North Carolina returned to the Catawba Indians in 1763. The Catawbas then chose to be part of South Carolina. Spratt and his descendants then leased their plantations from the Catawbas for many years.
Spratt was a friend of the Catawbas and negotiated leases of Indian land to other Europeans and fought alongside the Catawba braves against their blood enemies, the Shawnees. He received his nickname “Kanawha” after the Kanawha River which empties into the Ohio at Point Pleasant, in present day West Virginia. It was here that he took part in a battle just before the American Revolution where the Shawnees were defeated by soldiers and their Indian allies from Virginia and the Carolinas.
Thomas “Kanawha” Spratt and his young family settled near the Catawba villages during the last ten years of King Haigler’s life. They knew each other quite well and went to war together against their mutual enemies the Shawnees and other northern Indians.
Years later Spratt was an officer in the American Army and fought against Lord Cornwallis when he invaded North Carolina. Throughout his life he was a friend and agent for the Catawba Indians, remaining fast friends with the chiefs and their people.
King Haigler was the greatest of the Chiefs of the Catawbas and the only one ever called “King.” He presided over his tribe from 1749 to 1763 before he was ambushed and killed by a party of Shawnees. This was during a time of great trouble for the Catawbas as the Shawnees and other Northern tribes as well as the Cherokee were raiding and killing his people. It was also a time of change when European settlers were moving into the back country of the Carolinas. King Haigler wisely allied himself with the new settlers and proved to be great friend of the Europeans. He negotiated a number of treaties with both North and South Carolina guaranteeing safety and support for his people and protection for the settlers. The settlement he negotiated with the Governors of North and South Carolina resulted in a grant of 225 square miles to the Catawbas and placing this land in the colony of South Carolina. His braves fought alongside the English against the French and Indians and later took the American side in our Revolution.