Skip Ribbon Commands
Skip to main content

Address

Mailing Address:

Mecklenburg County Public Health
249 Billingsley Road
Charlotte, NC 28211

Office Location:


Mecklenburg County Public Health
249 Billingsley Road
Charlotte, NC 28211

MAP

HOW ARE WE DOING?

Hours: Mon-Fri 8 a.m - 5 p.m.

Contact

Please do not send confidential information via email.
704-336-4700

​Mecklenburg County Hepatitis A Outbreak

 

needle and vaccineAfter seeing an increase in hepatitis A cases locally earlier this year, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) determined that the County is experiencing an outbreak of hepatitis A. 

 

Since 2012, hepatitis A cases have been on the rise in the U.S. Between July 2016 to November 2017, the CDC reports 1200 cases have occurred nationally, including 826 hospitalizations and 37 deaths.  Outbreaks have occurred in California, Utah, Kentucky, Michigan, Indiana, and West Virginia.

 

Since the beginning of the outbreak, public health response has included increased healthcare awareness efforts, public notification and education, and outreach with vaccination clinics for high-risk populations. No common sources of food, beverages, or drugs have been identified as a potential source of infection. Transmission appears to be through direct person-to-person spread. The groups most at risk in this outbreak setting include household members, caregivers, or have sexual contact with someone who is infected with hepatitis A, men who have sexual encounters with other men, people with a history of recreational injection and non-injection drug use, people who have recently traveled from countries where hepatitis A is common and homeless individuals who do not have easy access to handwashing facilities.

 

Mecklenburg County Hepatitis A Outbreak Cases as of November 8, 2018*

*In an effort to keep the public informed of the outbreak, this information will be updated bi-weekly.

Total number of cases since April 20, 2018 – 22

Total number of cases since Jan. 1, 2018 – 24


Hepatitis A Overviewhuman eye that is yellowing

Hepatitis A  is a highly contagious liver infection that can be easily spread from person to person through the fecal-oral route (putting something in your mouth that has been contaminated with the feces (poop) of a person with hepatitis A.) This happens most often by forgetting to wash your hands after using the bathroom or changing diapers, having sexual contact with infected partners and eating or drinking foods contaminated by hepatitis A. The illness can last for weeks to months and only acute cases are reportable in North Carolina. The most effective way to protect yourself and prevent the spread of hepatitis A is to get the hepatitis A vaccine.

 

Although not all people infected with hepatitis A experience illness, symptoms usually appear around four weeks after exposure and develop over several days. Symptoms usually last two months, but can last longer. Symptoms include: 

 

  • Nausea
  • fever
  • Jaundice (yellowing of the eyes and skin)
  • dark urine
  • grey feces (poop)
  • joint pain
  • feeling tired
  • loss of appetite
  • stomach pain

 

The best way to protect yourself and prevent the spread of hepatitis.  While the hepatitis A vaccine is now recommended as a part of the routine childhood vaccination schedule, most adults have not been vaccinated and may be susceptible to the hepatitis A virus. It is also recommended to wash your hands for at least 20 seconds under warm, soapy water after going to the bathroom and before preparing meals for yourself and others. Use your own towels, toothbrushes, and eating utensils. Do not have sex with someone who has hepatitis A or share food, drinks, or smokes with other people.

 

What can you do to protect yourself and others?someone wasing hands in sink

  • Get vaccinated against hepatitis A
  • Wash your hands for 20 seconds under warm, soapy water after using the restroom and before eating or preparing meals for yourself or others
  • Use your own towels, toothbrushes, and eating utensils
  • Do not have sex with someone who has hepatitis A.
  • Do not share food, drinks, drugs, or smokes with other people
  • If you think you may have hepatitis A, see your medical provider or contact Public Health at 980-314-9400.
  • If you have hepatitis A, please cooperate with Public Health to help protect yourself and prevent the spread to others

 

The Vaccine

The best way to protect yourself and prevent the spread of hepatitis A is through vaccination with the hepatitis A vaccine. The hepatitis A vaccine is safe and effective and is given as 2 shots, 6 months apart. Both shots are needed for long-term protection. 

 

These priority populations should get the hepatitis A vaccine:

  • People who are homeless.
  • People who use injection and non-injection illegal drugs.
  • People who have close contact, care for, or live with someone who has  hepatitis A.
  • Men who have sexual encounters with other with men.

 

The priority populations listed above can get the vaccine for FREE at the health department. To schedule an appointment or for more information please call 980-314-9400.

 

Hepatitis A Outbreak Resources

General Hepatitis A Outbreak Information

Poster - Wash Your Hands

Flyer - What You Should Know About Hepatitis A

Poster – What You Should Know About Hepatitis A

Spanish – Poster - Wash Your Hands

Spanish – Flyer- What You Should Know About Hepatitis A

English/Spanish – Poster- Hepatitis A Prevention, Protection, Symptoms


Information for Priority Populations

Business Card Size Flyer - Protect Yourself and Prevent the Spread of Hepatitis A 

Poster - You Might Be At Risk

Quarter Page Flyer - You Might Be At Risk

Poster - Are You at Risk?

Spanish – Business Card Flyer – Protect Yourself And Prevent the Spread of Hepatitis A

Spanish – Poster - You Might Be At Risk Attached

Spanish – Poster – Are You At Risk?


Information for Food Service Employee

Poster - Important Information for Food Service Employees 

Half Page Flyer - Important Information for Food Service Managers/Operators

Spanish – Poster – Information for Food Service Employees 

Spanish – Half Page Flyer – Important Information for Food Service Manager/Operators


Social Media Images (Optimized for Social Media Use)

Facebook Images

Facebook - Hepatitis A Outbreak

Facebook - Wash Your Hands

Facebook- Stop The Spread

Facebook- Free Vaccines for Priority Populations

Facebook- Free Vaccines for Priority Populations 2

Twitter Images

Twitter- Hepatitis A Outbreak

Twitter- Wash Your Hands

Twitter- Stop The Spread

Twitter- Free Vaccines for Priority Populations

Twitter- Free Vaccines for Priority Populations 2

Address

Mailing Address:

Mecklenburg County Public Health
249 Billingsley Road
Charlotte, NC 28211

Office Location:


Mecklenburg County Public Health
249 Billingsley Road
Charlotte, NC 28211

MAP

HOW ARE WE DOING?

Hours: Mon-Fri 8 a.m - 5 p.m.

Contact

Please do not send confidential information via email.
704-336-4700